Squamata (amphisbaenians, lizards and snakes)
Habitat & Range
The Arizona kingsnake is native to Arizona but now occupies the Western United States and northern Mexico. It inhabits open areas such as deserts, grasslands, woodlands, abandoned farms and low mountains.
Arizona kingsnakes vary in color but generally have a black base with yellow-white rings that range in width. Length can vary greatly from 21 to 78 inches with an average of about 42 inches.
Arizona kingsnakes use constriction to suffocate prey such as small mammals, turtles, birds and their eggs, reptile eggs, lizards, small snakes, and frogs. They are capable of consuming venomous snakes, as they have an enzyme that breaks down venom before it becomes harmful.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Arizona kingsnakes lay 2 to 24 eggs between May and August. Incubation ranges from 47 to 81 days and hatchlings typically emerge in late fall. Sexual maturity is usually reached at 3 to 4 years of age.
An Arizona kingsnake living in the wild has an average lifespan of 20 to 25 years.
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