Habitat & Range
The bobcat can be found throughout the United States with the exception of the Midwest. It is also found in Canada and Mexico. They occupy a wide variety of habitats including forests, deserts, mountains, swamps and farmland. Bobcats take shelter in dens in a rock or tree crevice.
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Name: MOOSE (male) Location: "The Wetlands" Born: 05/19/2008 Arrived at EPZ: 12/18/2009
The bobcat is brown with black spots. Its fur may be grayer in winter. It has large ears with slight tufts of hair at the tips. It has a striped ruff of fur on its cheeks and a short tail with a black tip from which it gets its name (stubby or “bobbed” tail). An adult bobcat is about 2 feet tall from feet to shoulders and weighs between 20 and 30 pounds.
Bobcats are nocturnal hunters that hunt birds, mice, rabbits and other small mammals. Occasionally, they are able to bring down larger prey such as deer.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Most mating between bobcats takes place during February and March. One to 6 kittens are typically born in April or May and stay with their mother until the following mating season begins.
Bobcats live to be about 10 to 12 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.
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In its natural environment of mountains and forestry, a bobcat’s spotted coat serves as camouflage. Adult bobcats must ward off predators such as gray wolves, cougars and coyotes, while owls, eagles or other male bobcats may attack their kittens.
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