Scientific Name: Gallus gallus domesticus


Habitat & Range
There are more chickens in the world than any other bird. It has origins in Asia, the Americas, Europe, Africa, India and the Middle East. Chickens are now almost completely domesticated, and live primarily on farmlands.

Chickens are generally covered in brown feathers with red “combs” on their face and head. Male chickens (roosters) can be differentiated from females (hens) by their long tails and brighter, pointed feathers on their neck and back. Adult chickens have hanging flaps of skin on either side of their beak referred to as wattles.

Chickens are omnivores that scratch at the soil in search of seeds, insects or sometimes large prey such as lizards or small mice.

Reproduction & Lifespan
To initiate courting, a rooster may perform a type of dance near or around his selected mate. Hens will often lay in a nest that already contains eggs, and have been known to move eggs from a neighboring nest into their own. As a result, a flock may only contain a few nests, rather than one for each hen. A clutch typically contains about 12 eggs, which, if fertile, will hatch after 21 days of incubation.

Chickens live an average of 5 to 10 years.
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