Procyonidae (cacomistle, coatis, raccoons, and relatives)
Habitat & Range
The coatimundi is native to tropical and subtropical South America. It can be found in the lowlands of the Andes Mountains from Colombia to northern Argentina, including every South American country except Chile. Coatis typically live in the forest, both on the ground and in trees.
A coatimundi is gray, dark brown or rust colored with a white chest and stomach. The head is narrow with the nose slightly turned upward and elongated, allowing coatis to search out food under leaf litter and overturned debris. An adult coati weighs anywhere between 4 and 16 pounds and is 32 to 44 inches in length. Half of the length is its tail, which black or brown with tan rings.
The coatimundi is primarily omnivorous, seeking fruits, invertebrates, and bird’s eggs. They search for fruit high in trees and canopies, and use their snout to poke through crevices or overturn rocks on the ground to search for animal prey.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Typically, one male is accepted into a band of female coatis near the beginning of the breeding season. The mating system is polygamous, with that male mating with the females in the band. Breeding season for coatis varies with location, and corresponds with the maximum availability of fruit. After a gestation period of 74 to 77 days, females give birth to an average of 4 young.
Coatis generally live for about 7 years in the wild, but up to 14 years in captivity.
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