Habitat & Range
The golden lion tamarin is native to Brazil. Over time, they have lost all but about 3% of their habitat and are now confined to three small areas in the tropical rain forests of Brazil’s east coast. Their preferred habitat is a forest containing many vines, bromeliads and fruit.
The golden lion tamarin’s name is derived from its bright golden orange pelage and the long hairs surrounding its face and ears, which resemble a lion’s mane. They typically measure about 10 inches tall and weigh less than 2 pounds. Perhaps their most distinctive characteristic is their long, non-prehensile tail, which can measure up to 15 inches.
Golden lion tamarins are omnivores that feed on fruit, insects, eggs, and small lizards. They are known to share food among family members.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Mating season is largely dependent on rainfall. Mating is at it’s highest at the end of rainy season which falls between March and June. Golden lion tamarins are monogamous creatures, even when the male to female ratio is uneven. Gestation lasts 4 months and results in a litter of 2 to 4 infants.
The lifespan of a golden lion tamarin is estimated at 15 years in the wild and over 20 years in captivity.
Fantastic Fact A Family Affair
Golden lion tamarins live in family groups that consist of one breeding adult male and female and their offspring. Groups contain up to 8 members that harmoniously work together in feeding, protection against predators and rearing of the infants.
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