Habitat & Range
The Puerto Rican crested toad is restricted to the semi-arid, rocky areas of the north and south coasts of Puerto Rico.
Their color varies from a brown or olive color, to more of a gold color. They can measure up to 3 to 4 inches in length. They’re easily identified by their turned-up snout and bony head crest.
The Puerto Rican crested toad is an insectivore, meaning that they mainly eat insects.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Puerto Rican crested toad breeding coincides with the rainy season. The toads will breed in the large pools of water that collect during the frequent downpours. Females will lay long strands that consist of up to 15,000 eggs. Their life span in the wild is unknown, but Puerto Rican crested toads have been known to live up to 10 years in captivity.
The Puerto Rican crested toad is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Habitat loss and the proliferation of the cane toad have led to the crested toad’s diminished numbers in its native Puerto Rico. The Elmwood Park Zoo is one of a number of institutions located around the world that participates in the crested toad’s Species Survival Plan. The SSP attempts to preserve these toads through education, study, fundraising, and captive breeding programs.
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Norristown, PA 19401
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