SHORT-TAILED, LEAF NOSED BAT

Scientific Name: Carollia perspicillata
Order
Chiroptera

Family
Phyllostomidae

Habitat & Range
Short-tailed, leaf nosed bats are found over a large area of Central and South America. They are not at all fussy about their choice of roosting sites. Like most bats, they will roost in enclosed areas like caves or buildings, however they will also commonly roost in the open along the twigs and foliage of trees and shrubs.

Identification
Bats are the only mammals that can fly and have true wings. Their wings are forelimbs, supported by four fingers and covered with a skin membrane. This species of bat typically ranges from dark brown to gray in color. It weighs between 16 and 20 grams and has a wingspan of approximately 14 inches. It’s most distinguishing characteristic is its protruding leaf-shaped nose.

Diet
The short-tailed, leaf nosed bat feeds on a large variety of fruits from tropical shrubs and trees, the most favored being the fig.

Reproduction & Lifespan
Each harem of female bats contains one adult male who has exclusive mating rights to the females in his group. Mating occurs twice a year. After 4 months of gestation, the female gives birth to a single baby in both the spring and summer.

The lifespan of these bats is estimated at 9 years in the wild and 19 years in captivity.

Fantastic Fact
Green Thumbs
Flowering plants are heavily dependant on bats. Fruit bats pollinate 70% of the world’s flowers when they are seeking pollen and nectar for consumption. By eating fruit, they aid in the dispersal of seeds by passing the seeds through their digestive tract and excreting it in their feces (a built in fertilizer for the seed).

 
 
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