GOLDEN LION TAMARIN
HABITAT AND RANGE
Golden Lion Tamarins live in the heavily populated costal region of Brazil where less than 2% of the forest remains. They inhabit the Atlantic Coastal Forest of Brazil. They prefer forests that contain many vines, bromeliads, and fruits. They sleep in tree holes. Their forests are being cut down for lumber and to make room for human population expansion.
GLT's are small orange-yellow monkeys. They weigh 17 to 24 ounces. GLT's get their name from their striking orange mane. They typically measure 6 to 10 inches long, and their non-prehensile tails range from 12 to 15 inches long. Their thumbs are not fully opposable and they hallux (big toe) has a flat nail and is located back from the other digits.
GLT's are omnivores; they eat fruit, insects, eggs, and small lizards. They share food among family members. The juveniles sometimes steal food from their siblings.
REPRODUCTION AND LIFESPAN
GLT's live in family groups of 2 to 9 individuals. Everyone participates in the care of the babies. The adult male carries the babies most of the time, but all members have been known to carry the babies. Forty percent of infants die in their first year. GLT's are sexually mature at 18 months old. They live to be 15 years old in the wild, and into their 20's in captivity. They give birth to twins in September through December. The babies each weigh up to 2 oz when born.
• GLT's are endangered due to fragmented habitats/populations and the illegal pet trade. About 1,500 GLT's live in the wild. About 450 live in zoos worldwide.